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Psychology PSY 300 Midterm Exam 1 Questions & Answers

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Professor Adams is constructing a demographic questionnaire for use in a research project. One question asks students to report whether they are currently living in an "urban", "suburban", or "rural" setting. This is an example of a/an: • A. nominal...

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Professor Adams is constructing a demographic questionnaire for use in a research project. One question asks students to report whether they are currently living in an "urban", "suburban", or "rural" setting. This is an example of a/an: • A. nominal scale • B. ordinal scale • C. interval scale • D. ration scale Answer Key: A Question 2 of 24 4.0/ 4.0 Points Which of the following represents a null hypothesis? • A. Class A high school basketball teams who employ a sports psychologist will have a higher proportion of wins over the course of the season than comparable teams who do not employ a sports psychologist. • B. There will be no difference in rate of skill improvement between college gymnasts who practice meditation and those who do not. • C. Does incorporating relaxation exercises into the daily practice routine of college vocal majors enhance their performance confidence? • D. None of the above Answer Key: B Question 3 of 24 4.0/ 4.0 Points Which of the following represents a research hypothesis? • A. Class A high school basketball teams who employ a sports psychologist will have a higher proportion of wins over the course of the season than comparable teams who do not employ a sports psychologist. • B. There will be no difference in rate of skill improvement between college gymnasts who practice meditation and those who do not. • C. Does incorporating relaxation exercises into the daily practice routine of college vocal majors enhance their performance confidence? • D. None of the above Answer Key: A Question 4 of 24 4.0/ 4.0 Points In a _______, each participant is tested under all conditions. • A. carryover effect • B. practice effect • C. within-subjects experiment • D. fatigue effect Answer Key: C Feedback: C Question 5 of 24 4.0/ 4.0 Points The ______ of psychology—the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems—is one important application of the scientific discipline of psychology. • A. clinical practice • B. treatment field • C. addiction field • D. mental health field Answer Key: A Question 6 of 24 4.0/ 4.0 Points ________ is written by a single author or a small group of authors and usually gives a coherent presentation of a topic much like an extended review article. Edited volumes have an editor or a small group of editors who recruit many authors to write separate chapters on different aspects of the same topic. • A. A professional journal • B. A scholarly book • C. A monograph • D. An edited volume Answer Key: C Question 7 of 24 0.0/ 4.0 Points When considering general criteria for high-quality research projects, replicability refers to the fact that: • A. the research design allows the researcher to control those factors that are central to the success of the project. • B. another researcher, using the same procedures under the same circumstances to research the same question, would obtain comparable results. • C. a well-designed research project could be carried out by a specific individual conducting research in the same field. • D. the phenomena of interest must be quantified in some systematic way. Answer Key: B Question 8 of 24 4.0/ 4.0 Points Charlotte, an anthropologist, has been living in an Incan village for three years. During that time Charlotte has become expert in Incan weaving by observing and imitating the master weavers in the community. For Charlotte, observing weaving constitutes: • A. primary data • B. secondary data • C. informal data • D. nonempirical data Answer Key: A Question 9 of 24 4.0/ 4.0 Points Charlotte wrote a book about her experience as an anthropologist living in an Incan village for three years and becoming an expert weaver. Her book was widely read by other anthropologists, including Mira, who is an expert in Navaho weaving. For Mira, Charlotte’s book constitutes: • A. hearsay data • B. secondary data • C. informal data • D. primary data Answer Key: B

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